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The amazing symbolism of the Matzah and Aficoman in the Passover Seder Meal

Part 6 Communion and the Last Supper:

Jesus being crucified

Jesus crucified

At the Passover Seder Meal, three pieces of Matzah (unleavened bread) are put into a Matzah Pouch, one in each of the three compartments.
The Jews have various ideas to what this represents:

  • the three measures of fine meal from which Sarah baked cakes for her husband Abraham’s three angelic visitors
  • the three categories of Jews: Kohen, Levi, and Yisrael (that make up the Jewish people)
  • or the three patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob [1]

But those suggestions don’t really come up with a satisfactory answer.

The answer becomes more clear as we go through the sequence of the symbolism:

  • Firstly, none of the Matzah are visible. I would suggest that they represent God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.
  • The middle one called ‘Afikoman’ gets removed from the pouch. In other words the Son is made visible.
    Jesus is God in a visible, human body:

“He (Jesus) is the image of the invisible God” [2]
“The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel”—which means, “God with us.” [3]

  • ‘Aficoman’ means “that which comes after”. The Jews have applied this to being ‘a dessert’, but it makes more sense when it is seen as representing Jesus being made visible and coming later:

“But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law…” [4]

  • Then this middle piece is broken, which brings this verse to fulfillment:

“Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.” [5]

  •  This broken middle Matzah piece is now ‘buried’ in another bag and hidden away for the children to find it. Remember what Jesus said about us having to be like a child to receive the Kingdom of God – in other words, to find Him:

“I tell you the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it.” [6]

Everyone then enjoys a proper meal.

  • When the Matzah (Aficoman) is found by the children, it is brought to the head of the house.
    It gets removed and broken into lots of bits and given to everyone and everyone says: “In remembrance of the lamb!”
    The head of the house says:
    “It reminds us of the sacrificed lamb. The lamb saved our lives in Egypt”.
    That was said after 70AD when the temple had been destroyed, because they no longer had an actual lamb to sacrifice.

The picture of the 3 pieces of Matzah is a spiritual revelation:

  • Of the invisible Godhead – pure and undefiled by yeast.
  • The Son becomes visible
  • is broken
  • is buried and hidden
  • He comes back to life – is revealed again
  • Then His followers feed on Him.

It was probably at this time that Jesus took the bread and gave thanks

He broke it and gave it to them saying:

“This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.” [7]

The Cup of Redemption

Here is the complete series:

[1] My Jewish Learning
[2] Colossians 1:15
[3] Matthew 1:23
[4] Galatians 4:4
[5] Isaiah 53:4-5
[6] Mark 10:15
[7] Luke 22:19

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